When you are working with a team of developers on a medium to large sized project, managing the changes between a number of git branches can become a complex task. Sometimes you don't want to merge a whole branch into another, and only need to pick one or two specific commits. This process is called 'cherry picking'.
I recently joined PreviousNext and was soon getting acquainted with contributing to Drupal core and contrib projects. A big part of the contribution workflow is working with patch files in the issue queue, so I wrote this post to help anyone who wants to know about patching in Drupal.